On-the-job training (OJT) can be one of the best training methods because it is planned, organized, and conducted at the employee's worksite. OJT is generally the most common method used to broaden employee skills and increase productivity. It is particularly appropriate for developing proficiency skills unique to an employee's job - especially jobs that are relatively easy to learn and require locally-owned equipment and facilities.
Analysis of the major performance requirements (identified in the position description and tied to performance objectives), and related knowledges, skills, and abilities form the basis for effective OJT plans. To be most effective, the OJT plan should include:
- The subject to be covered.
- Number of hours.
- Estimated completion date.
- Method by which training will be evaluated.
To have a successful OJT program, supervisors need to assign a mentor to each employee involved in OJT. It is the responsibility of the mentor (see References: DA Pamphlet 690-46) to plan training carefully and conduct it effectively.